What Causes Dry Skin? Factors and Reasons

Posted by Chandra Nath on


There are many things that can affect your skins ability to function and can lead to dry skin. First of all, the first factor is the environment you spend your days and nights in. Environments that dehydrate your skin can have a considerable effect on it. Centrally heated and air-conditioned homes and offices can have a negative effect, whilst outdoors, sun and wind can produce severe drying effects.

The second factor in relation to dry skin is the products you use on a daily basis. Water, harsh household detergents and cleaning fluids are particularly damaging, especially to hands, and with frequent washing can lead to dry skin. This can result in chronically dry and chapped hands, which may result in a form of irritant dermatitis if left untreated. In turn they may become prone to develop allergies to products with which they come in contact with, producing an allergic dermatitis.

To help avoid issues always read the labels of products your skin will come into contact with. Ideally it is best to choose products with as few chemicals or additives as possible to avoid dry skin. All Neutral 0% products are made without perfumes or colourants and are dermatologically tested, try our Neutral 0% Intensive Repair Cream for intense hydration from the rich, deep moisturizing formula.

Climate and skin condition

The humidity in the air is important to the way we feel and how our skin condition fares. Humidity is largely determined by temperature: this is because the air can hold more water vapour at higher temperatures. In winter, the air cannot hold as much water, and on a very cold day there is virtually no moisture in the air. Although most people prefer less humidity, your skin is the opposite and will become drier as the humidity decreases.

The condition of dry skin can change from day to day, and even from hour to hour, affected by general health, changes in hormones or by the immediate environment. Skin that felt normal in the morning may feel greasy and uncomfortable after a day spent travelling in crowded trains and working in an office with inefficient ventilation.

Skin needs to maintain water balance with the environment for ideal function. The epidermis, or outer layer, acts as a partial water barrier, helping to regulate the amount of water in the dry skin and requires more than 10% to function properly.

This water is used to ensure that the other vital part of the barrier, the lipid (fatty acids) structures between the cells of the stratum corneum (outer most layer of skin), is maintained in a fluid state. Damage to the stratum corneum – for example, by washing with harsh soaps, which removes both external and internal lipids – can disrupt this barrier and set up a ‘vicious circle’ of drying. For a gentler alternative try Neutral 0% Hand Wash which effectively removes dirt and grime whilst respecting the skin’s natural pH, to minimise the risk of skin irritation and skin allergic reactions.

You can view the full range of Neutral Sensitive Skin products at neutralsensitiveskin.com

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